Glossary

Codex book binding – a binding method where pamphlets are stitched together and then glued onto book covers. No stitching is visible on the outside of the book. (See Time and Tide book.)

Collagraph printing – a design is made onto a piece of, say, cardboard using any found objects and textured materials. As long as the item will pass through an etching press it can be used. For example leaves, material, embossed wallpaper, feathers, the list is endless. The finished plate is a bit like a collage and as long as the pieces have been glued into place well enough, should stand the rigors of being inked up and passed through the etching press.

Coptic book binding – a binding method where the book covers and pamphlets are stitched together and the stitching is visible, especially along the spine of the book. (See Kirkcudbright Harbour book.)

Etching – a sheet (called a plate), usually made from a metal such as zinc, has a design marked onto it using a type of resist. This sheet is then placed in a bath of corrosive liquid and the non resist areas are eaten away by this liquid. This liquid can be acid but there are non-toxic methods available. The plate is then inked and passed through an etching press to transfer the design onto a sheet of paper.

Etching press - a printing press comprising a flat moving bed covered with multiple layers of felt that pass through two cylinders, one which can be raised and lowered to increase or decrease the pressure. (similar to the design of an old washing mangle.)

Fused glass – thin layers of glass are heated and join together to form one smooth layer.

Japanese stab binding –a binding method whereby book covers and individual single sheets of paper are stacked and bound with thread. The stitching is visible on the front and back cover. (See Pittenweem Harbour book.)

Lino cut printing – a sheet of linoleum is carved into, using special tools, and then inked and printed. This method doesn’t require any expensive specialist equipment to produce an image.